The best-known image of Frankenstein's monster in popular culture derives from Boris Karloff's portrayal in the 1931 movie Frankenstein, in which he wore makeup applied and designed by Jack P.  Frankenstein's creation referred to himself as a "monster" at least once, as did the residents of a hamlet who saw the creature towards the end of the novel. Beautiful! His yellow skin scarcely covered the work of muscles and arteries beneath; his hair was of a lustrous black, and flowing; his teeth of a pearly whiteness; but these luxuriances only formed a more horrid contrast with his watery eyes, that seemed almost of the same colour as the dun-white sockets in which they were set, his shrivelled complexion and straight black lips. In Shelley’s novel, Dr. Victor Frankenstein never names his creation. Since Karloff's portrayal, the creature almost always appears as a towering, undead-like figure, often with a flat-topped angular head and bolts on his neck to serve as electrical connectors or grotesque electrodes. Contrary to many film versions, the creature in the novel is very articulate and eloquent in his speech. The monster has also been analogized to an oppressed class; Shelley wrote that the monster recognized "the division of property, of immense wealth and squalid poverty." Luke Goss plays The Creature. By the end of the novel, the creature is able to speak English fluently as well. 1. The 2014 TV series Penny Dreadful also rejects the Karloff design in favour of Shelley's description. Meaning of "Frankenstein" Frankenstein is a German name consisting of two words: The Franks are a Germanic tribe and "stein" is the German word for "stone". Additionally, he is of average height, being even shorter than other characters in the series. noun a person who creates a monster or a destructive agency that cannot be controlled or that brings about the creator's ruin. [1830–40; after the creator of a monster in Mary Shelley's novel of the same name (1818)] Frankenstein (third-person singular simple present Frankensteins, present participle Frankensteining, simple past and past participle Frankensteined) (transitive, colloquial) To combine two or more similar elements into a consistent entity, or a cohesive idea. Shelley uses this story to create the many relationships and characters that shape the themes throughout the book: When Victor creates the monster he is playing God. the monster or destructive agency itself. 1. a person who creates something that brings about his or her ruin. Almost immediately after his creation, he dresses himself; and within 11 months, he can speak and read German and French. The novel portrayed him as versed in Paradise Lost, Plutarch's Lives, and The Sorrows of Young Werther. (ˈfræŋkɪnˌstaɪn ) noun. This version of the creature has the flowing dark hair described by Shelley, although he departs from her description by having pale grey skin and obvious scars along the right side of his face. When the rest of the family returns, however, they are frightened of him and drive him away. Scholars sometimes look for deeper meaning in Shelley's story, and have drawn an analogy between the monster and a motherless child; Shelley's own mother died while giving birth to her. For example, in Dean Koontz's Frankenstein, first published in 2004, the creature is named "Deucalion", after the character from Greek mythology, who is the son of the Titan Prometheus, a reference to the original novel's title. Frankenstein is horrified by his creation, and in turn the monster kills everyone that Frankenstein loves. Shelley's title thus compares the monster's creator, Victor Frankenstein, to the mythological character Prometheus, who fashioned humans out of clay and gave them fire.