african traditional religion kenya

Traditional/Indigenous African religions are the traditional beliefs and practices of African people including the various traditional religions and customs. African elders offering a bull as sacrifice to God. When we speak of African Traditional Religion, we mean the indigenous religious beliefs Diviner (also known as priest) are also sought for their wisdom as counselors in life and for their knowledge of herbal medicine. Reincarnation in African Traditional Religion By Andrew Rooke. The Kenyan scholar John Mbiti writes that a belief in the continuation of life after death for African peoples "does not constitute a hope for a future and better life. In this state, depending upon the region, drumming or instrumental rhythms played by respected musicians (each of which is unique to a given deity or ancestor), participants embody a deity or ancestor, energy or state of mind by performing distinct ritual movements or dances which further enhance their elevated consciousness. Other people believed that Ngai’s abode was on Mount Kenya, or else ‘beyond’ its peaks. There are also religions with a single Supreme being (Chukwu, Nyame, Olodumare, Ngai, Roog, etc.). Among Nilo-Saharan speakers is the belief in Divinity; evil is caused by divine judgement and retribution; prophets as middlemen between Divinity and man. That is the case concerning issues about Africa and its religious beliefs. Today, around 10 percent of the African population still practice some form of traditional religion. Generally, these traditions are oral rather than scriptural, include belief in a supreme creator, belief in spirits, veneration of the dead, use of magic, and traditional medicine. God is also known as Mungu, Murungu, or Mulungu (a variant of a word meaning God, which is found as far south as the Zambesi of Zambia), and is sometimes given the title Mwathani or Mwathi (the greatest ruler), which comes from the word gwatha, meaning to rule or reign with authority. Most African religions acknowledge the existence of a supreme deity who created the world and then, in most cases, retired from dealing with earthly affairs. Most African societies believe in several “high gods” and a large amount of lower gods and spirits. Today, Christianity and Islam are religions practiced by the majority of people living in Africa. The symbol can be found throughout Ghana. Yet Ngai is not the distant God that we know in the West. There are common beliefs in Africa although the continent is a large with many different … The purpose of this is to help to orient a person who would like to work in the context of Africa. Ngai, says one legend, made the mountain his resting place while on an inspection tour of earth. The quest for health and healing, which is basic to all cultures and people, is also a central need of the African population. Among the believers of Christ, ther… The will of the gods or spirits is sought by the believer also through consultation of divinities or divination. Among Afro-Asiatic-speakers is henotheism, the belief in one's own gods but accepting the existence of other gods; evil here is caused by malevolent spirits. Traditional healer of South Africa performing a divination by reading the bones. Traditional African religions are the traditions of the religious groups in Africa.After Christianity and Islam, they are the third-biggest religious group in Africa.These religions still stick to their traditions. An Egungun masquerade dance garment in the permanent collection of The Children’s Museum of Indianapolis. Yet certain aspects of African faiths differ from those of most world religions. There are common beliefs in Africa although the continent is a large with many different cultures and [40] With a long farming tradition, the Serer high priests and priestesses (Saltigue) deliver yearly sermons at the Xooy Ceremony (divination ceremony) in Fatick before Yoonir's phase in order to predict winter months and enable farmers to start planting.[41]. African Traditional Religion is a thriving scholarly business, but a serious disconnect exists between contributions that celebrate a generalized African Traditional Religion and those that describe particular religions and aspects of religion on the basis of ethnographic and archival research. [33] This includes also nature, elementary and animal spirits. They are folk religions, and combine different beliefs.In general, people in the cities confess to either Christianity or Islam. Welcome to the summary lecture of African Traditional Religions. 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