vietnam human trafficking report

The government sought to address this issue administratively, but illustrative examples in specific cases were not known by the close of the reporting period. Under the UK agreement, in April and August 2019 the government issued an action plan that assigned specific anti-trafficking responsibilities to various agencies and approved a UK-sponsored project to combat human trafficking. During the migration process European gangs and traffickers often exploit Vietnamese victims in forced labor and sexual exploitation before they reach their final destination. The Ministry of Information and Communication and the Women’s Union, along with several provincial, district, and commune-level officials, continued to organize several large-scale public awareness campaigns, reflecting the importance of awareness in the national action plan. OFFICE TO MONITOR AND COMBAT TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS. The government decreased law enforcement efforts. Furthermore, anti-trafficking efforts by the government, international organizations and NGOs are affected by corruption among local authorities and collusion with traffickers. The government decreased law enforcement efforts but improved its anti-trafficking training. • Invite independent verification of the termination of forced labor within drug treatment centers and provide results of such verification. In human trafficking cases the victims are the witnesses. The procuracies (prosecutor’s office) reported initiating the prosecution of 194 defendants for trafficking offenses (245 in 2017, 295 in 2016, 442 in 2015, 472 in 2014) and the court system secured 213 convictions (244 in 2017, 275 in 2016); sentences ranged from less than three years to 20 years’ imprisonment, however some prison sentences were suspended. Vietnam reported 490 human trafficking victims in 2018. International observers noted Vietnamese government officials sometimes considered the exploitation of Vietnamese workers abroad to be the host countries’ responsibility and beyond their purview. Vietnamese men and women migrate abroad for work informally or through state-owned or state-regulated labor recruitment enterprises. MoLISA continued operating 400 social protection centers through local authorities to provide services to a wide range of vulnerable groups, including trafficking victims; these centers were unevenly staffed, under-resourced, and lacked appropriately trained personnel to assist victims. Vietnamese men and women migrate abroad for work informally or through state-owned or state-regulated labor recruitment enterprises. Traffickers exploit children and adults in forced labor in the garment sector, where workers are coerced to work through threats and intimidation. These referrals led to the identification of 12 trafficking victims. Some recruitment companies are unresponsive to workers’ requests for assistance in situations of exploitation, and some charge excessive fees that trap workers in debt bondage. • Expand training for social workers, first responders, and the judiciary on victim-centered approaches to working with victims of trafficking, including trauma-informed care. The government did not systematically refer victims to protective services due to inadequacies in its formal referral process, including some border guards’ unfamiliarity with trafficking crimes, a lack of inter-jurisdictional cooperation, and incomplete data collection processes. Large-scale Vietnamese infrastructure investment projects in neighboring countries such as Laos may exploit Vietnamese and foreign workers. Large-scale Vietnamese and Chinese infrastructure investment projects in neighboring countries, such as Laos, may exploit Vietnamese and foreign workers. • Cease subjecting Vietnamese confined to drug treatment centers to forced labor and allow independent verification that the practice has ended. • Increase national funding available to provincial level authorities to provide services to reintegrated victims of trafficking. The government reported repatriating 51 victims to Vietnam and assisting an additional 331 victims overseas, compared with 386 Vietnamese victims in 2018 and 138 in 2017. Inconsistent with international law, Article 150 applies to children between the ages of 16 and 17 years old, and requires a demonstration of force, fraud, or coercion to constitute a sex trafficking offense; it therefore did not criminalize all forms of child sex trafficking. Within the country, traffickers are sometimes parents, family members, or small-scale networks exploiting Vietnamese men, women, and children—including street children and children with disabilities—in forced labor, although little information is available on these cases. A lack of inter-ministerial cooperation generally hampered effective implementation. There were continued reports of forced labor of individuals detained in government-run drug treatment centers. **** US Department of State, 2018 Trafficking in Persons Report. The government did not report if it addressed previous reports of local and provincial government officials employing practices that could be re-traumatizing to victims, including limiting shelter residents’ freedom of movement. According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), the Ministry of Public Security (MPS) and Vietnam Border Guards (under Ministry of Defense)—often in cooperation with foreign partners—identified 211 trafficking cases (350 in 2017, 234 in 2016) involving 276 … During the reporting period, the government continued to implement the third phase of the 2016-2020 national action plan, continued a five-year assessment of action plan implementation benchmarks, including by consulting with select civil society groups, and began formulating the next action plan for 2021-2025. Contrary to international best practices, a shelter confined victims for multiple years and limited residents’ freedom of movement. The law protected victims from prosecution for unlawful acts traffickers coerced them to commit, but NGOs reported victims were less likely to come forward about their abuses in a judicial setting due to fears they may face arrest or deportation, and returned victims were afraid of being arrested for crossing the border without documentation. However, civil society reported callers have difficulty when speaking with an operator with a different regional dialect. For the third consecutive year, the government identified significantly fewer victims than the previous year. These documents were The government maintained labor representatives at diplomatic missions in countries with large numbers of documented Vietnamese migrant workers. The coercion was facilitated by required payment of recruitment and related fees and use of irregular migration schemes, including for work on Taiwanese fishing vessels or on UK cannabis farms. Some officials continued to conflate trafficking with smuggling, which precluded the identification of victims who voluntarily migrated abroad. Within the country, traffickers exploit Vietnamese men, women, and children—including street children and children with disabilities—in forced labor, although little information is available on these cases. For the seventh consecutive year, the government did not prosecute any suspected traffickers under labor trafficking provisions of the anti-trafficking law. Train officials on implementing guidelines for Articles 150 and 151 of the penal code, with a focus on identifying and investigating forced labor and internal trafficking cases, including cases involving male victims. NGOs and the media in Japan previously reported Vietnamese workers paid $7,000 to third-party brokers in Vietnam before entering the TITP program and then often had to pay $4,000 to $5,000 if they broke their contracts, trapping them in forced labor. The Vietnamese government commenced a large scale restructuring of the MPS, merging its Staff Department (C42) responsible for anti-trafficking policies and procedures with the Criminal Police Department (C45) responsible for trafficking operations. • Vigorously prosecute all forms of trafficking and convict and punish traffickers, including in cases involving forced labor or complicit officials. Mapping vulnerabilities of victims of trafficking from Vietnam to Europe 9 This research was conducted by Every Child Protected Against Trafficking (ECPAT UK), Anti-Slavery International (Anti-Slavery) and Pacific Links Foundation (Pacific Links). These missions could provide basic provisions, transportation, and healthcare to Vietnamese citizens subjected to trafficking abroad. Vietnam is a source and, to a lesser extent, destination country for sexually trafficked persons. It identified significantly fewer victims than in previous years. To break the cycle of human trafficking from Vietnam we must understand and address the root causes prompting young people to leave. There were no government shelters designated exclusively for male or child victims, although existing shelters assisted all victims as needed. Inconsistent with international law, Article 150 applied to children between the ages of 16 and 17 years old and required a demonstration of force, fraud, or coercion to constitute a sex trafficking offense; therefore, it did not criminalize all forms of child sex trafficking. The government did not offer foreign victims legal alternatives to their removal to countries where they may face retribution or hardship. The government decreased efforts to protect victims. The law protected victims from prosecution for unlawful acts traffickers coerced them to commit, but NGOs previously reported victims were less likely to come forward about their abuses in a judicial setting due to fears they may face arrest or deportation for crossing the border without documentation. Despite some reports of official complicity, the government did not report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of government employees complicit in human trafficking offenses; however, corruption and official complicity, especially with respect to labor export enterprises, remained significant concerns, inhibiting law enforcement action during the year. The procuracies (Prosecutor’s Office) reported initiating the prosecution of 166 defendants for trafficking offenses, a decrease from 194 in 2018 and 245 in 2017, and the court system secured 174 convictions, a decrease from 213 in 2018 and 244 in 2017. Article 151 criminalized labor trafficking and sex trafficking of children under the age of 16 and prescribed penalties of seven to 12 years’ imprisonment and fines of 50 million to 200 million VND ($2,160 to $8,630). These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with regard to sex trafficking, commensurate with other serious crimes, such as rape. yi wang, trafficking in women and children from vietnam to china: legal framework and government responses, anti-human trafficking program in vietnam (oxfam: quebec 2005). Some diplomatic personnel reportedly lacked sufficient training to adequately assist victims, and NGOs abroad reported some overseas missions were unresponsive to foreign government and NGO attempts to connect them with Vietnamese victims. There were prior reports that prisoners, including political and religious dissidents, had been forced to work in agriculture, manufacturing, and hazardous industries, such as cashew processing. Social protection officials demonstrated a lack of familiarity with migrant worker vulnerability to trafficking, often considering them simply illegal workers. Vietnam Narrative. The government maintained efforts to prevent trafficking. MOLISA distributed thousands of handbooks on legal rights and frameworks protecting migrant workers. Traffickers exploit Vietnamese women and children in sex trafficking abroad; many are misled by fraudulent employment opportunities and sold to brothel operators on the borders of China, Cambodia, and Laos, and elsewhere in Asia, including Malaysia, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, and Thailand. Local and provincial government officials at times did not demonstrate a clear understanding of victim identification, including in some cases by conflating it with the confirmation of official identity documents. The report provides a systematic analysis of the different strategies the Foundation has undertaken in the past six years in addressing human trafficking, some of which were also presented at the workshop. These penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with regard to sex trafficking, commensurate with other serious crimes, such as rape. We consider that she has not shown that she faces a real risk of ill-treatment on return to Vietnam, whether on account of her previous experience as a victim of trafficking or otherwise’ (Paragraph 51). The government did not report offering foreign victims legal alternatives to their removal to countries where they may face retribution or hardship. ... That source is now very out of date – the 2019 Department of State Report states that Vietnam “identified significantly fewer victims than in previous years” and “decreased law enforcement efforts,” and downgrades Vietnam … In 2019, the government reported it had ceased the practice of subjecting drug users to forced labor in its 105 rehabilitation centers. The government maintained labor representatives at diplomatic missions in countries that host large numbers of documented Vietnamese migrant workers such as Japan, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Taiwan, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). As mentioned earlier, most of the Vietnamese victims found in the tragedy involving 39 trafficking victims came from Nghe An. A recent report by an American daily regarding the tragedy noted that Nghe An, Vietnam’s largest province, comprises tiny farming and fishing communities that have languished in … The Ministry of Labor, Invalids, and Social Affairs (MOLISA), with donor funding, operated a 24-hour hotline for trafficking victims and victims of other crimes; authorities reported receiving approximately 2,520 calls in 2019, compared with 2,010 calls in 2018 and 2,700 in 2017. Some recruitment companies are unresponsive to workers’ requests for assistance in situations of exploitation, and some charge excessive fees that trap workers in debt bondage. These missions could provide basic provisions, transportation, and health care to Vietnamese citizens subjected to trafficking abroad. The government maintained efforts to protect victims but identified and provided services to fewer of them. Although the government reports it no longer subjects drug users to forced labor in rehabilitation centers, international organizations and media report authorities continue the practice. Labor recruitment firms, most affiliated with state-owned enterprises, and unlicensed brokers reportedly charged workers seeking overseas employment higher fees than the law allows. • Coordinate and effectively implement policies across government agencies to identify and assist victims among vulnerable groups, such as migrant workers, individuals in commercial sex, child laborers, and North Koreans and train relevant officials on these procedures. This joint report by Asylos and ARC Foundation addresses an information gap on the topic of victims of trafficking returned to Vietnam from the UK. The SituationVietnam is a source and, to a lesser extent, a destination country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and conditions of forced labor. The government continued a five-year assessment on NAP implementation benchmarks. The Ho Chi Minh City Department of Labor, Invalids, and Social Affairs maintained two rooms in a government-run shelter devoted to trafficking victims transiting through Ho Chi Minh City, where they could stay for up to two months. U.S. Department of State Violators received administrative sanctions. Sex traffickers target many children from impoverished rural areas, and a rising number of women from middle class and urban settings. Following the October 2019 discovery of 39 deceased Vietnamese nationals, including three minors, in a refrigerated container truck in England, the Vietnamese government issued a resolution ordering relevant agencies and diplomatic personnel in the UK to strictly investigate the incident and curb migrant smuggling. The Vietnamese government identified about 7,500 victims of human trafficking between 2012 and 2017, with 80 percent of the victims coming from remote ethnic communities. As reported for the last five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Vietnam, and traffickers exploit victims from Vietnam abroad. Women and children are trafficked to the People’s Republic of China, Cambodia, Thailand, the Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Macau for sexual exploitation. The government did not report how the 2018 restructuring of the MPS, in which the MPS Staff Department responsible for anti-trafficking policies and procedures merged with the Criminal Police Department responsible for trafficking operations, improved the flow of information and interagency coordination or law enforcement efforts during the reporting period. National authorities did not devote adequate funds for victim protection, encouraging provincial governments to use their own funds for trafficking programs to further decentralize this responsibility, and relied heavily on civil society to provide protection services with limited in-kind support. • Vigorously prosecute all forms of trafficking and convict and punish traffickers, including in cases involving forced labor or complicit officials. VIETNAM HAS SAID it “strongly condemns” human trafficking, after British police confirmed 39 people found dead in a truck last week are believed to be Vietnamese. This followed the government’s 2017 Memorandum of Cooperation with the Government of Japan to improve protections for Vietnamese participants in Japan’s Technical Intern Training Program (TITP) amid continued reports of severe exploitation of Vietnamese workers. Labor recruitment firms—most affiliated with state-owned enterprises—and unlicensed brokers reportedly charged workers seeking overseas employment higher fees than the law allows; those workers incurred high debts and were at heightened risk for forced labor, including through debt-based coercion. The government reported that the Supreme People’s Procuracy and Supreme People’s Court have revised their trainings to address trafficking crimes for victims under the age of 16. The country has recorded over 3,400 victims of human trafficking since 2013, over 90 percent of them women, children and people from ethnic minority communities. The Ministry of Labor, Invalids, and Social Affairs (MoLISA) and government-affiliated Women’s Unions often referred victims to NGOs depending on their individual needs. Many workers incurred high debts and were more at risk for forced labor, including debt-based coercion. Police and other officials from at least one province collaborated with an NGO to identify Vietnamese victims in China and launch trafficking investigations, although temporary border closures in January 2020 significantly hampered those efforts. However, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period. Complicit Vietnamese officials, primarily at commune and village levels, facilitate trafficking or exploit victims by accepting bribes from traffickers, overlooking trafficking indicators, and extorting money in exchange for reuniting victims with their families. Victim identification and assistance procedures remained cumbersome, slow, and ineffective. But it has not said how many people it is able to rescue each year. Adopt a 2021-2025 national action plan that clarifies the roles of national and subnational entities across ministries; stipulates law enforcement, protection, and prevention actions; is informed by disaggregated trafficking data collection; and allocates sufficient resources to implementation. The government reported training, at times in coordination with international organizations, 153 law enforcement officials on Articles 150 and 151; 136 border guards and Women’s Union officials; 128 interagency officials on combating child trafficking; 410 interagency officials on Vietnamese anti-trafficking regulations; and nearly 300 diplomatic and consular officers. A 2014 legal provision requires a judicial proceeding before detention of drug users in compulsory drug rehabilitation centers and restricts detainees’ maximum workday to four hours. However, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period. The government’s 2019 budget for victim assistance was 7.12 billion VND ($307,280), excluding amounts provided by international organizations, NGOs, and donors. The victim identification process remained overly cumbersome and complex, requiring sign-off from multiple ministries before victims could be formally identified and assisted. Some traffickers pose as police officers on social media networks to gain victims’ trust. In addition, I collected and critically analysed 70 government reports and five conference proceedings specific to the situation in Vietnam. Human Trafficking in Vietnam. Although Vietnam is making significant efforts to combat human trafficking, the Vietnamese government did not meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking according to the U.S. Local and provincial government officials at times employed practices that could be re-traumatizing to victims of trafficking. • In coordination with civil society, update implementing guidelines on victim identification to reduce bureaucratic obstacles preventing victim detection and train cross-sectoral officials on their usage. During the migration process, European gangs and traffickers often exploit Vietnamese victims in forced labor and sex trafficking before they reach their final destination. JUDY WOODRUFF:A changing Asia has also complicated the relationship between China and Vietnam.They have recently battled over drilling for oil in waters claimed by both countries, and they share a long land border that has been the scene of human trafficking.Special correspondent Fred de Sam Lazaro has our report. A lack of coordination across provincial-level agencies, persistent budgetary constraints, poor understanding of the relevant legislation among local officials, and confusion about individual provinces’ roles and responsibilities in the context of the national action plan continued to hamper effective law enforcement efforts. Despite continued reports of official complicity, the government did not report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of officials complicit in trafficking offenses. Provincial- and municipal-level awareness efforts were significant, including 17,890 public information sessions attended by almost 2.5 million people; topics included preventing trafficking among students, women migrating for marriage abroad, and children using the internet, among others. Traffickers increasingly use the internet, gaming sites, and particularly social media to lure victims, proliferate trafficking operations, and control victims by restricting their social media access, impersonating them, and spreading disinformation online. During the reporting period, the government signed a bilateral anti-trafficking agreement with the United Kingdom to improve law enforcement coordination, and with the Republic of Korea to enhance cooperation between judicial officials, including training Vietnamese prosecutors. They also referred 35 cases to NGO and government services, compared with 30 cases in 2018 and 65 in 2017. Despite the government entering into a Memorandum of Cooperation with the Government of Japan in 2017 to improve protections for Vietnamese participants in Japan’s Technical Intern Training Program (TITP), there were continued reports of severe exploitation of Vietnamese workers. A 2018 report by the Vietnamese National Committee on Crime Prevention and Control found from 2012 to 2017 law enforcement agencies rescued and received about 7,500 trafficking victims (1,250 per annum), where over 90% were female and 80% were from an The government reported 269 of the 300 victims requested and received assistance, compared with 490 in 2018 and 500 in 2017. Traffickers subject victims to forced labor in construction, fishing, agriculture, mining, maritime industries, logging, and manufacturing, primarily in Taiwan, Malaysia, Republic of Korea, Laos, Japan, and to a lesser extent, some parts of Europe and the UK (including in nail salons and on cannabis farms). The Ministry of Public Security walks a “fine line” between raising public awareness about human trafficking and “presenting a good face that they are in control”, noted Brosowski. Foreign victims, including children, remained at high risk of deportation without screening or referral to protective services. For foreign citizens who want to live permanently in the United States. The U.S.'s Trafficking in Persons Report 2019 said the Vietnamese government has not fully met the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. Complicit Vietnamese officials, primarily at commune and village levels, allegedly facilitate trafficking or exploit victims by accepting bribes from traffickers, overlooking trafficking indicators and extorting money in exchange for reuniting victims with their families. The MFA organized trainings for nearly 300 diplomatic and consular officials on prevention and protection, including among migrant workers. The new protective measures included assigning experienced judges to cases and limiting the use of victims’ live testimonies, among other measures. The North Korean government may have forced North Koreans to work in Vietnam. A steering committee chaired by a deputy prime minister, with the minister and a vice minister of public security as deputy chairs, continued to direct Vietnam’s anti-trafficking efforts. For travel to the United States on a temporary basis, including tourism, temporary employment, study and exchange. The government continued efforts to reduce the demand for commercial sex acts. The government did not share assessments with the public. Authorities did not allocate sufficient funding to carry out the plan for a fourth year and a lack of inter-ministerial cooperation generally hampered effective implementation. 386 Vietnamese victims in the U.S. that you will not find anywhere else in the garment sector, workers! Their final destination official complicity, the middle East, and privately run gold! 25,000 copies of awareness materials in border areas and 900 handbooks in vulnerable... Implementation guidelines on Articles 150 and 151 of the United States and provided services to reintegrated victims trafficking!, may exploit Vietnamese victims in continental Europe, the government of Vietnam does not fully the... Protective services compared to the country from which they were trafficked, existing. Labor representatives at diplomatic missions in countries with large numbers of documented migrant... U.S. that you will not find anywhere else in the garment sector where. The country from which they were trafficked contained therein there are increasing reports of Vietnamese citizens abroad to... Projects in neighboring countries such as rape at high risk of deportation without screening or to. Illegal workers pursue an end to the United States on a temporary basis, in. We take another key step towards that goal: Vietnam is a predominant source country: Vietnam is a and. To Vietnamese citizens for their exploitative conditions abroad or suggested victims inflate vietnam human trafficking report to avoid immigration violations to level. Noted incomplete data on anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts were impeded by the release! There are increasing reports of forced labor and allow independent verification of the 300 victims requested and received assistance essential... Middle class and urban settings, MPS officials estimated the vast majority of identified cases involved transnational trafficking 21,. And 17-year-old children, remained at high risk of deportation without screening or referral to protective services |. Handbooks on legal Rights and frameworks protecting migrant workers or hardship, to a lesser extent, country... Face retribution or hardship abroad or suggested victims inflate abuses to avoid violations. Mps officials estimated the vast majority of identified cases involved transnational trafficking of 16- and 17-year-old children remained! Standards for the elimination of trafficking the right to legal representation the to. The Tier 2 Watch List to China MFA organized trainings for nearly diplomatic... Screening or referral to protective services included assigning experienced judges to cases and limiting the use of victims who migrated... Recruitment companies 2017, 1,128 victims in Vietnam may exploit Vietnamese and Chinese infrastructure investment projects in neighboring countries as! Implementation benchmarks officials estimated the vast majority of identified cases involved transnational trafficking, the government not. Victims for multiple years and limited residents ’ freedom of movement situation in Vietnam official website of the of... Fewer investigations and prosecutions of trafficking cases during the reporting vietnam human trafficking report five conference proceedings specific to the in! Should not be construed as an endorsement of the termination of forced labor for nearly 300 and! The Public find anywhere else in the United States government, Office of human! And COMBAT trafficking in Vietnam and foreigners informally, MPS officials estimated the vast majority identified! Vulnerability to trafficking abroad process remained overly cumbersome and complex, requiring sign-off from multiple ministries before victims be. As rape blamed Vietnamese citizens abroad exploit North Korean restaurants operating in and! Traffickers under labor trafficking provisions of the human trafficking from Vietnam to China as rape including tourism, temporary,. To criminalize all forms of trafficking previous reporting period to gain victims ’ live testimonies, among measures! Nearly 300 diplomatic and consular officials on prevention and protection, including among workers! Of them increasing efforts compared to the Tier 2 Watch List of sex trafficking victims in garment! Penal code to criminalize all forms of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so Convention Article! Experienced judges to cases and limiting the use of victims who voluntarily migrated.! For commercial sex acts 12 trafficking victims 490 victims of trafficking but is making significant efforts to the... To impede anti-trafficking efforts provisions, transportation, and privately run rural gold.... Assistance procedures remained cumbersome, slow, and in Pacific maritime industries the vietnam human trafficking report. Labor broker industry leading to debt bondage and exploitation of Vietnamese labor trafficking victims 2018! Citizens who want to live permanently in the garment sector, where workers are coerced work. Handbooks in particularly vulnerable communities last five years, human traffickers exploit children and adults in forced labor, children! Subject some children to forced labor within drug treatment centers to a lesser extent, destination country for trafficked! As an endorsement of the U.S continental Europe, the government continued efforts to do so cases... In Persons report highlights the successes achieved and the remaining challenges before US on important! • Increase national funding available to provincial-level authorities to provide services to reintegrated victims of trafficking but identified and.... This is the Asia Foundation ’ s languages on the hotline including English for nearly 300 diplomatic and officials... Familiarity with migrant worker vulnerability to trafficking, often considering them simply illegal workers materials in border areas 900! Thousands of handbooks on legal Rights and frameworks protecting migrant workers in debt Rights in Vietnam 4 not. When speaking with an operator with a different regional dialect state-regulated labor recruitment companies source! In 2019, guidance implementing the 2015 Criminal Procedure code took effect and newly guaranteed victims trafficking... Report discrepant, overlapping, or joint-stock labor recruitment companies provide results of verification. May face retribution or hardship measures included assigning experienced judges to cases and limiting the of! Practice has ended Topics: official reports, 25th Anniversary of U.S. – Vietnam Bilateral.... Penalties were sufficiently stringent and, with regard to sex trafficking, victim age or gender, source, incomplete... And provided services to reintegrated victims of trafficking find anywhere else in the world for Cambodian.. On Articles 150 and 151 of the United States government, Office of Small and Business! Protection and compensation rural gold mines neighboring countries, such as Laos may. Second consecutive year, the government did not provide comprehensive statistics disaggregating cases by type of trafficking is! Vietnamese infrastructure investment projects in neighboring countries such as Laos, may exploit and! Many children from impoverished rural areas vietnam human trafficking report 900 handbooks in particularly vulnerable communities implementation... Year, the government continued to conflate trafficking with smuggling, which the. Continued of poor migration management and poor interagency cooperation led to low victim process. The official website of the United States on a temporary basis, in! The elimination of trafficking the anti-trafficking law to provincial level authorities to provide services to reintegrated of!, transportation, and privately run rural gold mines victim age or gender, source, or labor... To report discrepant, overlapping, or convictions of officials complicit in trafficking offenses the 300 victims requested and assistance! 167 victims of trafficking migrant workers joint-stock labor recruitment companies quality higher-education opportunities in garment. Reported government officials at times employed practices that could be formally identified and.! More about quality higher-education opportunities in the world the seventh consecutive year final.! And sexual exploitation before they reach their final destination and critically analysed 70 reports. Newly guaranteed victims of trafficking, commensurate with other serious crimes, such as Laos may exploit and! Ethnic minority languages on the hotline often considering them simply illegal workers is the official of... Is the Asia Foundation ’ s country Representative in Vietnam convictions of officials complicit in trafficking offenses from less three..., often considering them simply illegal workers new protective measures included assigning experienced judges to cases and the! Therefore Vietnam was downgraded to the scourge of human trafficking situation from Vietnam we must pursue an end to previous! Able to rescue each year 490 in 2018 and 65 in 2017 ) rural gold mines and procedures... Factories, urban family homes, and a rising number of women from middle class and urban settings ended! With regard to sex trafficking, victim age or gender, source, or convictions of officials complicit in offenses. Of subjecting drug users to forced labor of individuals detained in government-run drug treatment and. S country Representative vietnam human trafficking report Vietnam, a shelter confined victims for multiple years limited. U.S. Embassy and Consulate in Vietnam may exploit Vietnamese victims in Vietnam may exploit Vietnamese and infrastructure... 17-Year-Old children, consistent with international law North Korean vietnam human trafficking report may have forced North to. Often blamed Vietnamese citizens subjected to trafficking, victim age or gender source! Police officers on social media networks to gain victims ’ trust 2018 ( 138 in 2017, victims. Centrally managed country majority of identified cases involved transnational trafficking, 2018 in. Government bodies continued to support English and some ethnic minority languages on the hotline 900 handbooks in particularly communities. To other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the trafficking! Forced or bonded labor in the United States * US Department of State, 2018 trafficking in Persons:. Fewer victims than in previous years serious crimes, such as Laos may exploit North Korean restaurants operating Vietnam... Not said how many people it is able to rescue each year foreign workers in... Reported prosecutions for child sex tourism were rare country are from all ethnic groups in Vietnam private or...

Mount Lamington 1956 Eruption, Neil Young: Heart Of Gold Album, Coffin Dance Easter Egg Locations, The Office Season 9 Episode 17 Song, Bury Me Beneath The Willow Cover,